Dr Patrick Kingsep

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Types of Therapy

Types of Therapy:

What Is Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT)?

Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) is an effective treatment for a range of psychological problems. It is often a short-term therapy, running over 4-15 sessions.

• Helps identify and change unhelpful thoughts, beliefs, and behaviours
• Involves becoming aware of unhelpful thoughts and making helpful changes
• Includes making helpful changes to behavioural patterns (e.g., facing fears, roleplaying, learning relaxation skills)
• Focuses on the 'here and now'
• Requires active client engagement and collaboration with the therapist

"Positive change starts with awareness and action."

What Is Mindfulness-Based Therapy?

Mindfulness-Based Therapy (MBT) is a meditation-based intervention supported by scientific research.

• Reduces psychological distress associated with various diagnoses
• Demonstrates effectiveness in reducing anxiety, stress, and managing difficultf emotions
• Involves becoming more aware of present moment experiences in a nonjudgemental way
• Helps recognize and respond to difficult experiences effectively
• Results in a richer and more fulfilling life experience

"Mindfulness allows us to be fully present in our own lives."

What Is Schema Therapy?

Schema Therapy is a longer-term therapy, often running over several months to a year or more, particularly effective for entrenched long-term difficulties.

• Focuses on deeply held beliefs or 'schemas'
• Helps understand the origin of beliefs and their influence on reactions
• Promotes positive change by extending Cognitive Behaviour Therapy principles
• Effective for those with long-standing concerns

"Understanding our past helps us change our future."

What Is Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT)?

ACT focuses on accepting what is out of your control and committing to actions that enrich your life.

• Teaches skills to deal with painful thoughts and feelings effectively
• Helps lessen the impact of painful thoughts and feelings
• Involves mindfulness skills and clarifying values
• Guides, inspires, and motivates positive life changes

"Acceptance is the first step to meaningful change."

What Is Interpersonal Therapy (IPT)?

IPT is effective for treating psychological difficulties, particularly depression, by focusing on relationships.

• Helps improve communication with others
• Addresses interpersonal difficulties such as social isolation and unresolved grief
• Assists with managing life transitions (e.g., retirement, divorce, marriage, becoming a parent)
• Aids in managing conflict in relationships

"Healthy relationships are the foundation of emotional well-being."

Positive Psychology focuses on enhancing well-being and happiness by emphasizing strengths, virtues, and positive experiences. This therapeutic approach aims to help individuals build a fulfilling and meaningful life by fostering optimism, resilience, and personal growth. Through techniques such as gratitude exercises, strengths identification, and positive goal setting, Positive Psychology encourages clients to thrive and achieve their full potential. This approach not only addresses existing issues but also promotes overall mental health and life satisfaction.

"The good life is a process, not a state of being. It is a direction, not a destination." – Carl Rogers